Abnormal Uterine Bleeding can be defined as soaking a pad or tampon every hour or less during the menstrual cycle. For many females, heavy menstrual bleeding is a huge obstacle to their normal lifestyles. They even have to reschedule an activity around your menstrual cycle.
In that case, you know the toll it can take. The heavy uterine bleeding can also cause iron-deficient anemia, the most common health-related threat of menorrhagia. While most cases of anemia can be easily treated with the use of prescribed oral iron supplements, sometimes the bleeding is so severe a woman’s whole volume of blood drops down, causing shortness of breath, severe fatigue and heart palpitations which require hospitalization.
Home Treatment Options for AUB
There are various options you may want to try to reduce your heavy menstrual bleeding. These include:
- Ice packs- Put an ice pack on the abdomen for 20 minutes at a time, several times a day when bleeding is especially very heavy.
- Vitamins- Try taking vitamin C supplements to help the body absorb iron and possibly strengthen blood vessels.
- Iron- Some research also suggests that low iron levels can increase the menstrual bleeding and that supplementing with the mineral can reduce menstrual bleeding.
Always consult with your doctor before taking any medication, this can include taking herbal remedies or nutritional supplements for managing health conditions or just for general health and wellness concerns.
Surgical Options for AUB
- Hysterectomy- 75 to 80 percent of women with heavy menstrual bleeding do not require a hysterectomy, yet many of them still go for this surgical procedure, which is frequently recommended as a treatment option. Even though it is very effective in ending abnormal uterine bleeding, hysterectomy is a major surgical procedure that requires hospitalization and weeks of care. Additionally, hysterectomy has a number of complications, infection being the most common among them. Consult your doctor and ask them to fully explain the surgery and potential benefits and risks to you. Though some females may prefer hysterectomy rather than other surgical options, make sure that you understand all your options before making a choice.
- Endometrial ablation- This is a less invasive treatment for AUB. In this minimally invasive procedure, the uterus lining is destroyed by freezing on high temperatures, electricity, microwaves, radio-frequency, radio waves, or hot water. Ablation can be carried out on an outpatient basis or in a doctor’s clinic with a local anesthetic. It also has a very quick recovery. It lets a woman to keep her uterus and, in many instances, may halt her periods. If you choose this treatment for AUB, you should make sure to continue using contraception, as pregnancy after an ablation is not recommended by doctors.
About the Author: Dr. Garima Sawhney
MBBS, M.S | Gynaecologist & Obstetrician, trained in Cosmetic & Aesthetic Gynaecology (ESAG), Specialist in Minimal Access Surgery